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Concepts and definitions of health and health-related

Details: Health is an aspect interwoven with all other aspects of life, everyday life, working life, family life, and community life. Health is viewed a resource and a total, personal, situation-specific phenomenon. Absence of disease is not enough – the life situation as a whole must be taken into consideration.

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The Meanings of Health and its Promotion

Details: The Constitution of the World Health Organization, which came into force on April 7, 1948, defined health “as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.” The writers of the Constitution were clearly aware of the tendency of seeing health as a state dependent on the presence or

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Health and wellness

Details: Health and wellness are terms that are often interchanged, but their origins and meanings are different . As established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the 1940s, health is referred to as, “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity .”

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Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health …

Details: First, health is a prerequisite for education: hungry children or children who cannot hear well, or who have chronic toothaches, eg, are hindered in their learning. 5 Second, education about health (ie, health education) occurs within schools and in many public health interventions; it is a central tool of public health. 6 Third, physical

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Water, Hydration and Health

Details: The AI for different population groups was set as the median water intake in populations from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, whose intake levels varied greatly based on the survey years (e.g., NHANES 1988–94 vs NHANES 1999–2002) and also were much higher than the USDA surveys (e.g., 1989–91, 1994–98, or 2005–6).

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Physician assistants in the United States

Details: Physician assistants have improved access to health care for populations in rural, inner city, and other medically underserved areas. With their training modified as needed to integrate with local health systems, physician assistants are a viable alternative to physicians in areas with shortages of doctors, such as the United Kingdom

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Microbes and mental health: A review

Details: There is a growing emphasis on the relationship between the microorganisms inhabiting the gut (gastrointestinal microbiota) and human health. The emergence of a microbiota-gut-brain axis to describe the complex networks and relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and host reflects the major influence this environment may have in brain health and disorders of the central nervous

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Coronavirus Disease 19 in Minority Populations of Newark

Details: Background: The purpose of this study is to report the clinical features and outcomes of Black/African American (AA) and Latino Hispanic patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) hospitalized in an inter-city hospital in the state of New Jersey. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of AA and Latino Hispanic patients with COVID-19 admitted to a 665-bed quaternary care, teaching

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Concussion Symptom Underreporting Among Incoming …

Details: Affiliations 1 Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey.; 2 Department of Cardiology - Critical Care, New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY.; 3 Atlantic Sports Health, Morristown, NJ.; 4 Real Prevention, LLC, Clifton, New Jersey; and.; 5 Department of Kinesiology and Health, Rutgers, The State University of New

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Summary of the Public Health System in the United States

Details: This section summarizes the organization of health agencies, the range of activities carried out by them, and their use and allocation of resources at the federal, state, and local levels. When possible, the range of activities of health agencies are categorized by the functions of public health as outlined in Chapter 2: assessment, policy development and leadership, and assurance of access to

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What Is Population Health

Details: Population health is a relatively new term that has not yet been precisely defined. Is it a concept of health or a field of study of health determinants? We propose that the definition be “the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group,” and we argue that the field of population

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Public health: Health geography: supporting public health

Details: Health geography recognizes the importance of context, setting and spatial scale — from global to local — in determining health outcomes. The issues facing health and health care are complex and an integrative, multidisciplinary approach is crucial to ensure that research provides relevant, high-quality evidence to inform health policy.

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What Is Population Health

Details: Population health includes health outcomes, patterns of health determinants, and policies and interventions that link these two. Attention to social and environmental, as well as medical, determinants of health is essential. The population health lens can be used at the individual, practice, institutional, and community levels.

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Optimism and Its Impact on Mental and Physical Well-Being

Details: OPTIMISM AND PHYSICAL HEALTH. Despite the small number of studies published on this matter, the relation between physical health and optimism is as important as that between optimism and mental health described above. Many studies have found that optimism is correlated with better physical well-being compared to pessimism.

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Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Details: A number of integrative health organizations encourage members to model healthy lifestyle behaviors, including the Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine 40 and the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians. 41 Among some integrative health educational institutions, a culture of wellness exists, where healthy food choices are readily

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Public Health Agencies: Their Roles in Educating Public

Details: The previous two chapters have reviewed the role of schools of public health and of other programs and schools in educating public health professionals. While the committee is aware that public health professionals work in a variety of settings, there is a special relationship with the governmental public health agencies at the local, state, and federal level.

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Social Relationships and Health: A Flashpoint for Health

Details: Social relationships—both quantity and quality—affect mental health, health behavior, physical health, and mortality risk. Sociologists have played a central role in establishing the link between social relationships and health outcomes, identifying explanations for this link, and discovering social variation (e.g., by gender and race) at the population level.

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Health needs assessment : Development and importance of

Details: Health needs assessment is a new phrase to describe the development and refinement of well established approaches to understanding the needs of a local population. In the 19th century the first medical officers for health were responsible for assessing the needs of their local populations.

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The Effects of Tobacco Use on Health

Details: The scope of the burden of disease and death that cigarette smoking imposes on the public's health is extensive. Cigarette smoking is the major focus of this chapter because it is the central public health problem, but the topics of secondhand smoke exposure, smoking of other combustible tobacco products, smokeless tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are also considered.

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Social Determinants and Health Behaviors: Conceptual

Details: Health behaviors are frequently discussed as individual-level behaviors, but they can be measured and summarized for individuals, groups, or populations. Health behaviors are dynamic, varying over the lifespan, across cohorts, across settings, and over time. With smoking in the U.S, for example, the likelihood of initiation varies with age.

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Public Health and Medical Care Systems

Details: One explanation for the health disadvantage of the United States relative to other high-income countries might be deficiencies in health services. Although the United States is renowned for its leadership in biomedical research, its cutting-edge medical technology, and its hospitals and specialists, problems with ensuring Americans’ access to the system and providing quality care have been a

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Health risks from radiofrequency radiation, including 5G

Details: Evaluation of health risks in Switzerland. Several Swiss citizens have brought to our attention that Associate Professor Martin Röösli is the chair of two important government expert groups in Switzerland (directeur), despite possible COIs and a history of misrepresentation of science (22,23).These groups are Beratende Expertengruppe NIS (BERENIS; the Swiss advisory expert …

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Curcumin: A Review of Its’ Effects on Human Health

Details: 3. Arthritis. One such disease associated with inflammation, both chronic and acute, is osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic joint condition. It affects over 250 million people worldwide, leading to increased healthcare costs, impairment in activities of daily living (ADL), and ultimately decreased quality of life [31,32].Although OA was once considered primarily a degenerative and non-inflammatory

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Long-term effects of a ketogenic diet in obese patients

Details: Metabolic and health complications of obesity. Dis Mon. 1990; 36:641–731. [Google Scholar] 3. Pi-Sunyer FX. Medical hazards of obesity. Ann Intern Med. 1993; 119:655–60. [Google Scholar] 4. Simopoulos AP, Van Itallie TB. Body weight, health, and longevity. Ann Intern

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Technology and the Future of Healthcare

Details: Health 2.0. There are many areas where the scale and unit profits of the healthcare market will drive technical developments. Collectively, this technology-driven progress in healthcare is sometimes called Health 2.0, to distinguish it from what we are doing now – Health 1.0. While Health 2.0 is exciting, it is sobering to realize that

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The Impact of Social and Cultural Environment on Health

Details: Health is determined by several factors including genetic inheritance, personal behaviors, access to quality health care, and the general external environment (such as the quality of air, water, and housing conditions). In addition, a growing body of research has documented associations between social and cultural factors and health (Berkman and Kawachi, 2000; Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).

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Types of intervention and their development

Details: This book is about the evaluation of the effectiveness of health-related interventions. We use the term ‘intervention’ to apply to any activity undertaken with the objective of improving human health by preventing disease, by curing or reducing the severity or duration of an existing disease, or by restoring function lost through disease or injury.

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STRUCTURAL RACISM AND HEALTH INEQUITIES

Details: Health inequities are seen in many outcomes, including infant mortality, heart disease, and cancer (Sondik et al., 2010). A century ago, W. E. B. Du Bois (2003) recognized the connection between societal inequities and health inequities, raising several central arguments related to racism, poverty

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Social Media and Health Care Professionals: Benefits

Details: Health care organizations, including hospitals, health systems, professional societies, pharmaceutical companies, patient advocacy groups, and pharmacy benefit companies, are using social media for many purposes. 6, 7 Uses include communicating with the community and patients; enhancing organizational visibility; marketing products and services

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Health Measurement in the Third Era of Health

Details: Health in this sense is a means of moving toward the positive end of the health status spectrum. Probably more than achieving some degree of health status, people want health as a resource for doing the things they want to do. That view of health characterizes the new era of health. The goal is longevity with good function, and the challenge to

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Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Physical and

Details: 1. Introduction. The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES)and health has been studied for a long time. In the 1960s, academics generally believed that with medical technology and economic development, health inequality would be reduced, at least in developed countries [].However, in the 1980s, Black found that health inequality in Britain has not only not diminished, but …

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Sleep, Health, and Society

Details: The Health Belief Model was originally developed in the 1960s, 103,104 but has since been used in the study of many health-related behaviors. See Fig. 3 for a schematic of this model. This model can be applied to sleep behaviors. For example, a person will engage in healthy sleep behaviors (eg, making time for sufficient sleep or adhering to

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Effects of Health Insurance on Health

Details: This chapter presents the Committee's review of studies that address the impact of health insurance on various health-related outcomes. It examines research on the relationship between health insurance (or lack of insurance), use of medical care and health outcomes for specific conditions and types of services, and with overall health status and mortality. There is a consistent, positive

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What is “community health”

Details: Introduction. The evolution of public health has led to substantial changes in approaches to improving the health of members of communities. In the United States, these changes reflect the influence of many community-centered health developments, including the creation of national-level programs enacted by Congress, the establishment of dedicated governmental units at federal and state levels

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Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness

Details: Physical fitness is a set of attributes that are either health- or skill-related. The degree to which people have these attributes can be measured with specific tests. These definitions are offered as an interpretational framework for comparing studies that relate physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness to health.

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The Root Causes of Health Inequity

Details: Health inequity, categories and examples of which were discussed in the previous chapter, arises from social, economic, environmental, and structural disparities that contribute to intergroup differences in health outcomes both within and between societies. The report identifies two main clusters of root causes of health inequity. The first is the intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional

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Health systems in India

Details: Health systems and polices have a critical role in determining the manner in which health services are delivered, utilized and affect health outcomes. ‘Health' being a state subject, despite the issuance of the guidelines by the central government, the final prerogative on implementation of the initiatives on newborn care lies with the states.

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The Hidden Dangers of Fast and Processed Food

Details: The World Health Organization has classified processed meats (hot dogs, sausage, bacon, and lunch meats) a class 1 carcinogen. AGEs are also highest in barbecued and fried animal products which also contain cancer-causing chemicals such as heterocyclic amines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and lipid peroxidases, which are mutagenic.

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Health Problems of Homeless People

Details: Health Problems That Result from Being Homeless. Homelessness increases the risk of developing health problems such as diseases of the extremities and skin disorders; it increases the possibility of trauma, especially as a result of physical assault or rape (Kelly, 1985). 2 It can also turn a relatively minor health problem into a serious illness, as can be seen by the case of Doris Foy:

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Communication Systems in Healthcare

Details: In health care, where we are constantly reminded of the need to make pragmatic improvements to the outcomes of health care delivery, empirical evidence is needed to guide the use of new technologies, and there is a now thankfully a growing literature on the value of communication systems in health

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Fiber and Prebiotics: Mechanisms and Health Benefits

Details: World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization. Recognizing the possible beneficial effect of prebiotics in food, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) convened a Technical meeting to start work on the evaluation of the functional and health properties of prebiotics . A prebiotic is defined by the FAO as

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The State of Health Disparities in the United States

Details: HEALTH DISPARITIES. For the purposes of this report, health disparities are differences that exist among specific population groups in the United States in the attainment of full health potential that can be measured by differences in incidence, prevalence, mortality, burden of disease, and other adverse health conditions ().While the term disparities is often used or interpreted to reflect

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Cannabis, cannabinoids, and health

Details: Cannabis (also known as marijuana) is the most frequently used illicit psychoactive substance in the world. Though it was long considered to be a “soft” drug, studies have proven the harmful psychiatric and addictive effects associated

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United States Health Care Reform Progress to Date and Next

Details: Health care costs affect the economy, the federal budget, and virtually every American family’s financial well-being. Health insurance enables children to excel at school, adults to work more productively, and Americans of all ages to live longer, healthier lives.

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Hass Avocado Composition and Potential Health Effects

Details: In the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, the results suggested that the intake of magnesium had a modest inverse association with risk of coronary heart disease in men (Al-Delaimy et al., 2004). Magnesium was shown to inhibit fat absorption to improve postprandial hyperlipidemia in healthy subjects ( Kishimoto et al., 2009 ).

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Impact of Lifestyle on Health

Details: Exercise: For treating general health problems, the exercise is included in life style . The continuous exercise along with a healthy diet increases the health. Some studies stress on the relation of active life style with happiness (7, 8). Sleep: One of the bases of healthy life is …

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