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The Meanings of Health and its Promotion

Details: The Constitution of the World Health Organization, which came into force on April 7, 1948, defined health “as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.” The writers of the Constitution were clearly aware of the tendency of seeing health as a state dependent on the presence or

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The State of Health Disparities in the United States

Details: HEALTH DISPARITIES. For the purposes of this report, health disparities are differences that exist among specific population groups in the United States in the attainment of full health potential that can be measured by differences in incidence, prevalence, mortality, burden of disease, and other adverse health conditions ().While the term disparities is often used or interpreted to reflect

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Concepts and definitions of health and health-related

Details: Health is an aspect interwoven with all other aspects of life, everyday life, working life, family life, and community life. Health is viewed a resource and a total, personal, situation-specific phenomenon. Absence of disease is not enough – the life situation as a whole must be taken into consideration.

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The Value, Importance, and Oversight of Health Research

Details: The Importance of Health Research. Like privacy, health research has high value to society. It can provide important information about disease trends and risk factors, outcomes of treatment or public health interventions, functional abilities, patterns of care, and health care costs and use.

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Hallmarks of Health

Details: Health is usually defined as the absence of pathology. Here, we endeavor to define health as a compendium of organizational and dynamic features that maintain physiology. The biological causes or hallmarks of health include features of spatial compartmentalization (integrity of …

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Health Promotion: An Effective Tool for Global Health

Details: Health promotion is very relevant today. There is a global acceptance that health and social wellbeing are determined by many factors outside the health system which include socioeconomic conditions, patterns of consumption associated with food and communication, demographic patterns, learning environments, family patterns, the cultural and social fabric of …

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3326808/ Go Now

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Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed)

Details: The LactMed® database contains information on drugs and other chemicals to which breastfeeding mothers may be exposed. It includes information on the levels of such substances in breast milk and infant blood, and the possible adverse effects in the nursing infant. Suggested therapeutic alternatives to those drugs are provided, where appropriate.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK501922/ Go Now

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Summary of the Public Health System in the United States

Details: This section summarizes the organization of health agencies, the range of activities carried out by them, and their use and allocation of resources at the federal, state, and local levels. When possible, the range of activities of health agencies are categorized by the functions of public health as outlined in Chapter 2: assessment, policy development and leadership, and assurance of access to

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK218212/ Go Now

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Health Applications of the Internet

Details: Many health-related processes stand to be reshaped by the Internet. In clinical settings, the Internet enables care providers to gain rapid access to information that can aid in the diagnosis of health conditions or the development of suitable treatment plans. It can make patient records, test results, and practice guidelines accessible from the examination room.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44714/ Go Now

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Social Determinants and Health Behaviors: Conceptual

Details: Health behaviors are frequently discussed as individual-level behaviors, but they can be measured and summarized for individuals, groups, or populations. Health behaviors are dynamic, varying over the lifespan, across cohorts, across settings, and over time. With smoking in the U.S, for example, the likelihood of initiation varies with age.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4511598/ Go Now

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Social Relationships and Health: A Flashpoint for Health

Details: Social relationships—both quantity and quality—affect mental health, health behavior, physical health, and mortality risk. Sociologists have played a central role in establishing the link between social relationships and health outcomes, identifying explanations for this link, and discovering social variation (e.g., by gender and race) at the population level.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3150158/ Go Now

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The Impact of Social and Cultural Environment on Health

Details: Health is determined by several factors including genetic inheritance, personal behaviors, access to quality health care, and the general external environment (such as the quality of air, water, and housing conditions). In addition, a growing body of research has documented associations between social and cultural factors and health (Berkman and Kawachi, 2000; Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK19924/ Go Now

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Defining and Implementing Value-Based Health Care: A

Details: Value in health care is the measured improvement in a patient’s health outcomes for the cost of achieving that improvement. 1 The goal of value-based care transformation is to enable the health care system to create more value for patients. Because value is created only when a person’s health outcomes improve, descriptions of value-based health care that focus on cost …

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7185050/ Go Now

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Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health Equity

Details: First, health is a prerequisite for education: hungry children or children who cannot hear well, or who have chronic toothaches, eg, are hindered in their learning. 5 Second, education about health (ie, health education) occurs within schools and in many public health interventions; it is a central tool of public health. 6 Third, physical

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4691207/ Go Now

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Tannins and human health: a review

Details: Tannins (commonly referred to as tannic acid) are water-soluble polyphenols that are present in many plant foods. They have been reported to be responsible for decreases in feed intake, growth rate, feed efficiency, net metabolizable energy, and protein digestibility in experimental animals. Therefo …

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Effects of Health Insurance on Health

Details: This chapter presents the Committee's review of studies that address the impact of health insurance on various health-related outcomes. It examines research on the relationship between health insurance (or lack of insurance), use of medical care and health outcomes for specific conditions and types of services, and with overall health status and mortality. There is a consistent, positive

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK220636/ Go Now

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The Root Causes of Health Inequity

Details: Health inequity, categories and examples of which were discussed in the previous chapter, arises from social, economic, environmental, and structural disparities that contribute to intergroup differences in health outcomes both within and between societies. The report identifies two main clusters of root causes of health inequity. The first is the intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional

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The health of healthcare professionals coping with the

Details: This work aims to systematize a set of scientific evidence presented in international papers that identify the main problems affecting health professionals directly involved in coping with the COVID-19 pandemic and point out actions and strategies …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32876270/ Go Now

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Why measuring outcomes is important in health care

Details: Traditional health care systems have rewarded volume over value, creating fee‐for‐service or procedure‐based payment and delivery systems that are highly fragmented, siloed, and disconnected.5 Health care spending has increased unsustainably to approximately double the rate of gross domestic product growth in most developed countries.6

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430924/ Go Now

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Health Problems of Homeless People

Details: Health Problems That Result from Being Homeless. Homelessness increases the risk of developing health problems such as diseases of the extremities and skin disorders; it increases the possibility of trauma, especially as a result of physical assault or rape (Kelly, 1985). 2 It can also turn a relatively minor health problem into a serious illness, as can be seen by the case of Doris Foy:

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK218236/ Go Now

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Gardening for health: a regular dose of gardening

Details: Intelligent Health points out that the pandemic of physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of premature death, and contributes to preventable physical and mental disorders. 46 The Department of Health calculates that an increase of only 10% in average exercise by adults would postpone 6000 deaths and save £500 million annually. 47

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334070/ Go Now

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The Connection Between Art, Healing, and Public Health: A

Details: Over the past decade, health psychologists have cautiously begun looking at how the arts might be used in a variety of ways to heal emotional injuries, increase understanding of oneself and others, develop a capacity for self-reflection, reduce symptoms, and alter behaviors and thinking patterns. 8 Given the ubiquity of creative expression, as

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2804629/ Go Now

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Technology and the Future of Healthcare

Details: Health 2.0. There are many areas where the scale and unit profits of the healthcare market will drive technical developments. Collectively, this technology-driven progress in healthcare is sometimes called Health 2.0, to distinguish it from what we are doing now – Health 1.0. While Health 2.0 is exciting, it is sobering to realize that

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4147743/ Go Now

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Short- and long-term health consequences of sleep disruption

Details: Introduction. Sleep is a biologic process that is essential for life and optimal health. Sleep plays a critical role in brain function and systemic physiology, including metabolism, appetite regulation, and the functioning of immune, hormonal, and cardiovascular systems.1,2 Normal healthy sleep is characterized by sufficient duration, good quality, appropriate timing and regularity, and the

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Health assets: a concept analysis

Details: Health assets mobilize an individual to engage in deliberation, decision making, and change. Consequences of health assets are positive health behaviors that can lead to mastery, self-actualization, and improved health outcomes. We propose both a definition of health assets and a descriptive model of its components and relationships.

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What are health disparities and health equity

Details: "Health disparities" and "health equity" have become increasingly familiar terms in public health, but rarely are they defined explicitly. Ambiguity in the definitions of these terms could lead to misdirection of resources. This article discusses the need for greater clarity about the concepts of he …

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The potential for artificial intelligence in healthcare

Details: The complexity and rise of data in healthcare means that artificial intelligence (AI) will increasingly be applied within the field. Several types of AI are already being employed by payers and providers of care, and life sciences companies. The key categories

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6616181/ Go Now

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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Improving Diagnosis in Health Care

Details: Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a pa …

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Health literacy: what is it

Details: The concept of health literacy evolved from a history of defining, redefining, and quantifying the functional literacy needs of the adult population. Along with these changes has come the recognition that sophisticated literacy skills are increasingly needed to function in society and that low liter …

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Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Quality of

Details: The terms health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and quality of life (QoL) are used interchangeably. Given that these are three key terms in the literature, their appropriate and clear use is important. This paper reviews the history and definitions of the terms and considers how they have …

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Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions

Details: The key factors affecting health in cities can be considered within three broad themes: the physical environment, the social environment, and access to health and social services. The methodologic and conceptual challenges facing the study of urban health, arising both from the limitations of the research to date and from the complexities

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The Health Utilities Index (HUI): concepts, measurement

Details: This is a review of the Health Utilities Index (HUI) multi-attribute health-status classification systems, and single- and multi-attribute utility scoring systems. HUI refers to both HUI Mark 2 (HUI2) and HUI Mark 3 (HUI3) instruments. The classification systems provide compact but comprehensive fra …

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Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits

Details: The different compartments of the gastrointestinal tract are inhabited by populations of micro-organisms. By far the most important predominant populations are in the colon where a true symbiosis with the host exists that is a key for well-being and health. For such a microbiota, 'normobiosis' chara …

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Identifying the health conscious consumer

Details: Individuals who lead a "wellness-oriented" lifestyle are concerned with nutrition, fitness, stress, and their environment. They accept responsibility for their health and are excellent customers for health-related products and services. Those who lack a wellness orientation are identified as higher …

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Self-rated health status as a health measure: the

Details: The validity of various self-reported health assessments in predicting physician contracts and all-cause mortality was investigated in a prospective study in Finland. The follow-up periods were one year for the use of physician services and ten years ten months for the mortality. The study cohort co …

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Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets

Details: Vegetarian diets do not contain meat, poultry or fish; vegan diets further exclude dairy products and eggs. Vegetarian and vegan diets can vary widely, but the empirical evidence largely relates to the nutritional content and health effects of the average diet of well-educated vegetarians living in Western countries, together with some information on vegetarians in non-Western countries.

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Rapid response to COVID-19: health informatics support for

Details: Objective: To describe the implementation of technological support important for optimizing clinical management of the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods: Our health system has confirmed prior and current cases of COVID-19. An Incident Command Center was established early in the crisis and helped identify electronic health record (EHR)-based tools to support clinical care.

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Health Benefits and Chemical Composition of Matcha Green

Details: Its health-promoting properties are attributed to the high content of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substances. Studies confirming the high antioxidant potential of tea beverages claim that it originates from the considerable content of catechins, a type of phenolic compound with beneficial effects on human health.

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Health and unemployment

Details: This paper reviews the relationship between health and inadequate employment, especially unemployment. Poor physical or mental health can lead, via poor work performance, to job loss; however, studies that control for such selection effects are still scarce except for a few health …

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France: Health System Review

Details: Despite health outcomes being among the best in the European Union, social and geographical health inequities remain. Inequality in the distribution of health care professionals is a considerable barrier to equity. The rising cost of health care and the increasing demand for long-term care are also of concern.

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Health Literacy, Health Disparities, and Sources of Health

Details: Background: Low health literacy in older adults has been associated with poor health outcomes (i.e., mortality, decreased physical and cognitive functioning, and less preventive care utilization). Many factors associated with low health literacy are also associated with health disparities. Interaction with healthcare providers and sources of health information are influenced by an individual's

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Impact of COVID-19 and lockdown on mental health of

Details: Mental health considerations for children quarantined: Liu.J.,Bao Y.,Huang X.,&Lu Lin.(2020). Mental health considerations for children quarantined because of COVID-19. Short review: A large number of children have been quarantined in addition to the adult population.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7444649/ Go Now

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Health Insurance Coverage and Health

Details: Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us. Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us N Engl J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):586-593. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb1706645. Epub 2017 Jun 21. Authors Benjamin D Sommers

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Patient education and health literacy

Details: Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course.

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