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Long-term health impact of PM 2.5 under whole-year COVID

Details: The health impact of changes in particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm (PM 2.5) pollution associated with the COVID-19 lockdown has aroused great interest, but the estimation of the long-term health effects is difficult because of the lack of an annual mean air pollutant concentration under a whole-year lockdown scenario.We employed a time series decomposition method to

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Health and safety risk perceptions and needs of app-based

Details: Background: App-based drivers face work disruptions and infection risk during a pandemic due to the nature of their work, interactions with the public, and lack of workplace protections. Limited occupational health research has focused on their experiences. Methods: We surveyed 100 app-based drivers in Seattle, WA to assess risk perceptions, supports, and controls received from the company

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34523153/ Go Now

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Oral health assessment of older adults living in long-term

Details: Introduction: Regular oral health assessment among older adults living in long-term care facilities (LTCF) can improve their oral health. Different instruments have been developed and used to evaluate the oral health of institutionalised older people by non-dental professionals.

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Genomic epidemiology and transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV

Details: 1 County of Santa Clara, Public Health Department, San Jose, California, USA. 2 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, San Francisco, California, USA. PMID: 34328176 DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciab553 Abstract Background: Outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 in long term care facilities (LTCFs) cause significant morbidity and mortality. Mapping viral transmission within and between

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'We experienced lack of understanding in the healthcare

Details: Most of the women had suffered from poor health, especially chronic pain associated with fibromyalgia and gynaecological diseases. All of them had suffered mental health consequences particularly anxiety, depression and PTSD. The majority had experienced flashbacks to the violence and disassociation. Many had experienced miscarriages, had

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Exploring the One Health Perspective in Sweden's Policies

Details: Antibiotic resistance is considered to be a major threat to global health. The main driver of antibiotic resistance is antibiotic use. Antibiotics are used in humans, animals, and food production and are released into the environment. Therefore, it is imperative to include all relevant sectors in th …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34063697/ Go Now

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Light-intensity physical activity and mental ill health: a

Details: Background: Most of theevidence has focused on examining the influence of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity on mental health, but he role of light intensity physical activity (LIPA) is less understood. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the relationship between time spent in LIPA and mental ill health across the lifespan.

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A Pediatric Profile of a Homeless Patient in San Jose

Details: The causes of homelessness are complex and poorly understood. This paper describes the homeless population in Santa Clara County, California in terms of Adverse Childhood Events, Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs), and family breakdown. Respondents reported severely traumatic childhoods; 78.7% grew up …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28239020/ Go Now

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Pregnancy-related mortality in California: causes

Details: Health care provider, facility, and patient contributing factors also varied by cause of death. Conclusion: Pregnancy-related mortality should not be considered a single clinical entity. Reducing mortality requires in-depth examination of individual causes of death. The five …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25751214/ Go Now

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Trends in Cancer Survival by Health Insurance Status in

Details: Importance: There have been substantial improvements in the early detection, treatment, and survival from cancer in the United States, but it is not clear to what extent patients with different types of health insurance have benefitted from these advancements. Objective: To examine trends in cancer survival by health insurance status from January 1997 to December 2014.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29192307/ Go Now

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Health equity and COVID-19: global perspectives

Details: 19 Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA. 20 The Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Zefat, Israel. 21 Department of General Practice, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. 22 International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32586388/ Go Now

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The Association of Social Capital and Self-Rated Health

Details: The influence of urbanization on health is complex and primarily influenced by changes in social capital. The purpose of this research was to compare the social capital between urban residents and urbanized rural residents of southwest China and its relationship with self-rated health.

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Health management information system: a tool to gauge

Details: The health management information system (HMIS) is an instrument which could be used to improve patient satisfaction with health services by tracking certain dimensions of service quality. Quality can be checked by comparing perceptions of services delivered with the expected standards. The objectiv …

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Are COVID-19 conspiracies a threat to public health

Details: We tested the link between COVID-19 conspiracy theories and health protective behaviours in three studies: one at the onset of the pandemic in the United Kingdom (UK), a second just before the first national lockdown, and a third during that lockdown (<i>N</i> = 302, 404 and 399). We focused on cons …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34518709/ Go Now

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Mental health care of health workers during Covid-19

Details: The promotion and protection activities in mental health to face the health emergency generated by COVID-19 worldwide can include coordinated actions between workers, health teams and health institutions as part of a comprehensive, community care, co-responsible and sustained over time.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34526252/ Go Now

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Family and community guidance in adolescence: assessment

Details: Objective: to evaluate family and community guidance in adolescence, within the scope of Primary Health Care. Method: an evaluative and descriptive study with a quantitative approach, developed through the application of the Primary Care Assessment Instrument (PCATool), with 70 professionals from the Family Health Strategy and 140 adolescents from the widerange areas.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34495186/ Go Now

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IMplementation and evaluation of the school-based family

Details: Background: IMPROVE aims to conduct a hybrid type 3 evaluation design to test the effectiveness of bundled implementation strategies on intervention fidelity of the Healthy School Start (HSS) program, while simultaneously monitoring effects on health outcomes of children and parents. The HSS is a 4-component family support program for children starting school (5-7 years of age) promoting

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34488691/ Go Now

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The impact of i-PUSH on maternal and child health care

Details: Background: Universal Health Coverage ensures access to quality health services for all, with no financial hardship when accessing the needed services. Nevertheless, access to quality health services is marred by substantial resource shortages creating service delivery gaps in …

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Comparing inductive and deductive analysis techniques to

Details: Using both inductive and deductive analysis techniques can help achieve a more comprehensive understanding of barriers to health service implementation. The inductive categories represented the review data in a clearer way than the theoretical domains, with better differentiation; but the missing de …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34526141/ Go Now

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Psychosocial Health of K-12 Students Engaged in Emergency

Details: Affiliations 1 Department of Environmental and Global Health, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, 1225 Center Dr, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.; 2 College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, 1225 Center Dr, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.; 3 Department of Special Education, School Psychology & Early Childhood Studies, College of

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Having hobbies and the risk of cardiovascular disease

Details: 3 Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, And Health Services Research and Development Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan. 4 Department of Preventive Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan. 5 Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Yufu, Japan.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34517285/ Go Now

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Health-care provision and policy for non-alcoholic fatty

Details: Sub-Saharan Africa, which has a population of more than 1 billion people, carries 24% of the global burden of disease and spends the least on health care of any region, relying heavily on international development assistance to deliver health care for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria. The demographic …

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SDG3-related inequalities in women's, children's and

Details: Regional averages hide important health inequalities between countries, but national estimates hide still greater inequalities between subgroups of women, children and adolescents. To achieve the SDG3 targets and leave no one behind, it is essential to close health inequality gaps within as well as …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34413102/ Go Now

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Effectiveness of a Dental Intervention to Improve Oral

Details: We quantified the effectiveness of an oral health intervention among home care recipients. Seven German insurance funds invited home care recipients to participate in a two-arm randomized controlled trial. At t 0 , the treatment group (TG) received an intervention comprising an oral health

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34501925/ Go Now

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Association of changes in work due to COVID-19 pandemic

Details: Objectives: To examine the associations of COVID-19-related changes in work with perceptions of psychosocial work environment and employee health. Methods: In a cohort of 24 299 Finnish public sector employees, psychosocial work environment and employee well-being were assessed twice before (2016 and 2018=reference period) and once during (2020) the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Patient education and health literacy

Details: Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course.

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Health literacy is associated with health behaviour and

Details: Background Health literacy may constitute a modifiable determinant of health behaviour and affect cardiovascular disease prevention. This study investigates the associations between health literacy and health behaviour as well as health status. Design A cross-sectional study on a population-based sa …

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Factors associated with persistent high health care

Details: Results: Compared with the general Medicaid managed care enrollee population, schizophrenia was the only mental health diagnosis at the time of enrollment associated with persistent high health care utilization (risk ratio [RR], 1.50; 95% CI, 1.20-1.86). Additional characteristics associated …

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COVID-19 pandemic: Is teenagers' health in crisis

Details: The measures of mental health: Length of screen time, with a median length of 6 h in comparison to four before lockdown (SD between 1.48 and 3.3), however, it remained stagnant over the study period and participants did not experience a further increase; The number of hours spent on social media also increased, with an increasing number of

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Health literacy: what is it

Details: The concept of health literacy evolved from a history of defining, redefining, and quantifying the functional literacy needs of the adult population. Along with these changes has come the recognition that sophisticated literacy skills are increasingly needed to function in society and that low liter …

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Health behaviors of German university freshmen during

Details: Objective: The start of university is a critical period for health risk behavior (i.e. eating, physical activity, alcohol use) which can be influenced by expectations and by environmental factors such as living arrangement, health behaviors of close social ties (i.e. parents, partners, peers), and time spent with peers. We investigated associations between environmental factors and current

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Integration of a Pilot Oral Health Curriculum into a

Details: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess changes in medical student knowledge, skills, and beliefs in oral health after participating in an oral health curriculum that included an online learning module, shadowing pediatric dental residents, and applying fluoride varnish.Methods: Third-year medical students completed a precurriculum questionnaire.

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Health-seeking behaviour and cost of fever treatment to

Details: Objectives: To examine the health-seeking behaviour and cost of fever treatment to households in Ghana. Design: Cross-sectional household survey conducted between July and September 2015. Setting: Kassena-Nankana East and West districts in Upper East region of Ghana. Participants: Individuals with an episode of fever in the 2 weeks preceding a visit during routine health and demographic

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34518274/ Go Now

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Flavonoids in food and their health benefits

Details: Nevertheless, research on the health aspects of flavonoids for humans is expanding rapidly. Many flavonoids are shown to have antioxidative activity, free-radical scavenging capacity, coronary heart disease prevention, and anticancer activity, while some flavonoids exhibit potential for anti-human immunodeficiency virus functions.

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Challenges of Global Public Health Emergencies

Details: Modern day health care providers have traditionally only focused on meeting the response phase requirements of disasters. The emergence of complex global public health crises such as climate change and extremes, biodiversity loss, emergencies of scarcity, rapid unsustainable urbanization, migrant and refugee surges, domestic and international terrorism, cyber-security, the civilianization of

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Health literacy and behavioral health factors in adults

Details: Objectives: This study was to examine the relationship between health literacy (HL) and health behaviors in the South Bohemia Region in the Czech Republic (CR) and compare them to HL and health behaviors in the Visegrád group countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia). The paper reports the results from the research in the CR.

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Roles of subdistrict health office personnel and village

Details: In Thailand, 40 000 subdistrict health centre (SDHC) personnel and >1 million village health volunteers (VHVs) are responsible for primary healthcare of 23 million households in 75 032 villages. They were trained, made household visits, gave hygiene advice, participated in the 'Big Cleaning Day' …

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Health Literacy, Digital Health Literacy, and COVID-19

Details: The COVID-19 pandemic has been accompanied by rapidly emerging evidence, changing guidance, and misinformation, which present new challenges for health literacy (HL) and digital health literacy (DHL) skills. This study explored whether COVID-19-related information access, attitudes, and behaviors we …

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California's Health4All Kids Expansion And Health

Details: Affiliations 1 Brandy J. Lipton ([email protected]) is an assistant professor in the School of Public Health, San Diego State University, in San Diego, California.; 2 Jefferson Nguyen is a graduate student in the School of Public Health, San Diego State University.; 3 Melody K. Schiaffino is an assistant professor in the School of Public Health, San Diego State University.

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Sociodemographic, Health, and Caregiving Patterns of Aging

Details: However, little is known about their health, caregiving factors, or coping resources that promote health. Informed by lifespan perspective and health behavior models, this study examined the gender differences in health and caregiving profiles of aging informal caregivers and investigated the association between leisure activity and unhealthy days.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34514858/ Go Now

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Epigenome-Wide DNA Methylation and Pesticide Use in the

Details: Methods: The Agricultural Lung Health Study is a case-control study of asthma, nested within the Agricultural Health Study. We analyzed blood DNA methylation measured using Illumina's EPIC array in 1,170 male farmers of European ancestry.

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Health Insurance Status as a Barrier to Ideal

Details: Ideal CV health was defined by the American Heart Association (AHA) as the absence of clinically manifested CV disease and the simultaneous presence of 6-7 "ideal" CV health factors and behaviors. Logistic regression modeling was used to determine the relationship between health insurance status and the odds of ideal CV health.

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The correlation between workers' working pressure and

Details: Background: Under the background of the information society, teachers' pressure from work and life is increasing. Meanwhile, the working pressure has a potential inevitable connection with the physical and mental health of teachers. Objective: To analyze the correlation between working pressure of workers and mental health status, expand the application of the job demand-resource stress (JD-RS

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34120936/ Go Now

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Timing of Perinatal Mental Health Needs: Data to Inform Policy

Details: Perinatal mental health needs, including suicidal ideation, are often first recognized beyond 8 weeks postpartum. These data should be taken into consideration in policymaking discussions pertaining to the approach to medical care continuity and health care coverage postpartum.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34517144/ Go Now

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Global urbanization and impact on health

Details: Urban health risks and concerns involve many different sectors, including health, environment, housing, energy, transportation, urban planning, and others. Two main policy implications are highlighted: the need for systematic and useful urban health statistics on a disaggregated, i.e., …

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Mental Health Among Black and Latinx Sexual Minority

Details: Methods: Data were from a daily national probability survey (thus, mean changes in mental health outcomes over time may reflect population shifts in mental health) of Black and Latinx SM adults (N = 537), recruited 7 months before and 17 months after the November 8, 2016 election. Using a between-subjects design, spline-based regressions

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34410196/ Go Now

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Social and Structural Determinants of Health Inequities in

Details: Since the World Health Organization launched its commission on the social determinants of health (SDOH) over a decade ago, a large body of research has proven that social determinants-defined as the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age-are significant drivers of disease risk and susceptibility within clinical care and public health systems.

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